Now Scientists Can Say That Neanderthals Wrote Human Genes

Imagine your family. How did you get along with them? For David Hill and Margaret Kurnit of Florida, it was extremely difficult. In 2014, Hill started noticing unusual teeth marks on the gum of the elder Hill, and within six months the entire family was affected.

David Hill, 48, and his parents, Walter and Miriam Hill of Florida.

“My mother would say the kids were bullying her, so I had to stop going to her class,” Hill told The Telegraph. “What’s happened is that my father has very bad esophageal disease and can’t eat too much. He just sat in his chair and stayed there all day, kind of like he’s dead.”

The family’s condition was caused by the rare monoclonal germ cell disorder variant Ewing’s sarcoma, which a study published in the journal Mutagenesis has revealed had been passed down through generations of the Hill family since early Neanderthal times. The disease has been diagnosed in previous studies of others with Neanderthal or “gymnol” populations, but this is the first time it has been seen in someone born in the 20th century, according to Malcom Barber, a co-author of the paper who is an ecologist at the Emory University School of Medicine.

Neanderthals were not known to carry the gene for monoclonal germ cell disorder variant Ewing’s sarcoma, but no one was able to test for it before the discovery of “gymnol,” or Neanderthalism, by Richard Houlton, a University of Tennessee anthropologist.

In the new study, a study of early life skeletons from Florida and Virginia compiled a case for microsatellite genetic stability: At least 36 individuals between 90,000 and 65,000 years old have evidence of being susceptible to monoclonal germ cell variant Ewing’s sarcoma. Six individuals were found to be more genetically susceptible than the rest and nine were not.

“We hypothesized that individuals who had greater stability may have a reduced risk of infection, but there is no scientific evidence for this,” Barber told The Telegraph. “What we found is that the effects were very unlikely due to selection.”

This discovery may take longer to come to a conclusion. Neanderthals were wiped out by man, not the other way around. While no one can say what caused the Neanderthals to drop off the face of the Earth, the likelihood is that other factors may have acted in concert with humans to create the plague of monoclonal germ cell disorder variant Ewing’s sarcoma.

“This study is the only example of inherited monoclonal germ cell disease in modern humans, but it could just as easily be the case that the problems could have arisen with another population or that the ancestor of modern human cavemen came down with the disease,” Barber said.

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